Goodbye Anatolia: The Trial of Six and International Reaction towards Greece
Greece was mandated Asia Minor through the 1919 Treaty of Sèvres. On 8 September 1922, the Greek army was forced to abandon the mandated city of Smyrna as the unstoppable Turkish army was advancing. The following day, Turkish forces moved into Smyrna and a huge fire was sparked, killing many. Hundreds of thousands of Greeks residing in Asia Minor attempted to flee the area and return to the mainland. Unfortunately, there was not enough transportation to accommodate all of the people trying to return to Greece and, in addition, the transportation was late. The humiliated Greek army, which had made its way back to the islands of Chios and Lesbos, wanted those directly responsible for the defeat to pay. Towards the end of September, three military elites formed a Revolutionary Committee, which demanded the abdication of King Constantine, the resignation of his government, and those who were responsible for the disaster to be punished. On 28 September, the Revolutionary Committee rounded up six government officials, put them on trial, and executed them for the defeat in Asia Minor. This paper will look at the highly controversial trial, The Trial of Six, and how it affected various countries relations with Greece.